For many years, the students of Fremont County School District #38 were far behind in their reading, writing, science, and math skills and abilities. Students often transferred from one grade to the next, several grade levels behind where data-driven norms suggested that they be. In addition, frequent changes in district leadership meant no sustained systematic approach to addressing achievement by school leaders. Teachers were left to do what they could on their own and students suffered from years of systems' breakdowns. One of the many negative results of the disorganization plaguing the district was that Fremont #38 was continually unable to meet the Annual Yearly Progress goals set by the state under the No Child Left Behind legislation. The lack of strong systems and leadership at the district, combined with the pervasive sentiment around Fremont County and the state of Wyoming that poverty was to blame for the lack of student achievement, called for a bold visionary who was committed to changing the greater community’s mindset about what FCSD #38 students could and should be achieving.